How to prevent earthquakes in decoration during st

2022-07-22
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According to China Earthquake Network, at 13:46 local time on March 11, a magnitude 8.6 earthquake occurred in the sea area near the east coast of Honshu, Japan. The epicenter was located at 38.1 degrees north latitude, 142.6 degrees east longitude, and the focal depth was about 20 kilometers

according to foreign reports, the earthquake was felt strongly in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. Local TV pictures showed that people rushed out of the floor

the Japan Meteorological Agency immediately issued a tsunami warning, saying that the earthquake would trigger a tsunami about 6 meters high. The Pacific warning center has also issued a tsunami warning to Russia and the Mariana Islands. The Philippines also issued a tsunami warning. As a decoration industry, how should we prevent earthquakes and better protect our lives and property? For how to prevent earthquakes in the decoration process, the entry of the decoration industry is also a very heated discussion. Therefore, the author interviewed Mr. laiwenming, a senior person in the decoration industry, Beijing Jingguang Huayi, manager of Guangdong decoration design department. He analyzed in detail how to prevent earthquakes in the decoration, involving many aspects. We summarized the following points. It is hoped that the designers and constructors in the decoration industry can also improve their technical level and sense of responsibility, and that the owners who are decorating and are about to decorate can take preventive measures. 1. In the process of decoration design, the house type transformation such as demolishing the east wall, moving the west wall, opening the door and adding a house can be more suitable for the personalized home needs, and can also reflect the designer's ideas, but it is forbidden to transform the original structure of the house at will, especially the load-bearing wall of the house. If a single building such as a villa really needs to be changed and touch the structure, the structure should also be reinforced as required with the permission of the original architectural design unit. In order to ensure earthquake resistance, attention must be paid to: do not dismantle the bearing wall or make grooves and holes on it at will; do not damage the reinforcement when embedding the pipeline, which will affect the bearing capacity of the wall and floor; Never move the beams and columns in the room; Many of the low walls beside the balcony and under the windows are counterweight walls, which act like weights to provoke the balcony. Removing this wall will reduce the bearing capacity of the balcony and cause the balcony to fall. 2. The decorative materials must avoid being too heavy. The floor leveling and floor materials should not be too thick and heavy. For example, it is not recommended to lay two thick natural marble in many apartment decoration; Large shape lamps, lockers, large decorative paintings, etc. should be reinforced at the time of installation, but also try to avoid being too heavy. Reduce the possibility of falling during the earthquake, and try to reduce the losses caused by disasters. 3. Some furniture can be fixed during decoration, such as tables, chairs, beds, etc. You can also choose some more solid furniture. In this way, when an earthquake occurs, you can escape nearby. 4. In terms of decorative fabrics, attention should also be paid to avoiding the use of fragile materials, such as mirror glass, etc. Avoid cracking when the earthquake occurs, resulting in greater loss or injury. 5. Use fireproof curtain; The window glass is pasted with a glass flying protective film; Furniture should not be placed on tatami, but in a room with a floor. Tall wardrobes and bookcases should be fixed with metal parts or support rods; Do not place heavy and dangerous goods above the furniture; Lighting fixtures suspended by only one wire shall be fixed at several places with chains and hook like parts; Heaters with anti-seismic automatic flameout device shall be selected. Do not place inflammables near the heater; The lower part of the back of the TV is fixed with hook like parts. In order to prevent electric shock, do not place water tanks and other containers containing water on the TV. 6. Because there are many sewage pipes in the bathroom, large holes are needed. The floor slab is prefabricated and cast-in-place, with reinforcement inside, which is the strongest place in the house. The bathroom has the smallest space in the whole house. The ceiling and pipes can be effectively supported by the surrounding stress columns. In the event of an earthquake, it is sometimes too late to rescue, and what people need most for survival is water. There is water in the bathroom (at least in the water tank of the toilet), so this is the reason to hide. The toilet is so important to avoid earthquake disasters, so when decorating, do not change the structure of the toilet at will. Don't sacrifice practicality for the sake of beautiful interior decoration

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